Diabetes Type 2 Diet and Possible Cures
Almost 30 million people, roughly 10% of the population, across the United States suffer with some form of diabetes and by far the most common is Diabetes Type 2. This is a chronic disease that affects the levels of blood sugar in the body and can have serious health repercussions if not treated properly.
In the normal course of events, your body converts the carbohydrates you eat into glucose which is a form of sugar. Glucose is the principal energy source for the body’s cells and the hormone insulin, produced in the pancreas, is used to absorb the glucose.
However, sometimes the body’s cells develop a resistance to insulin, and the body may even stop manufacturing the hormone, which inevitably leads to a buildup of glucose (or blood sugar) or, to give the problem its medical name, diabetes.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is the more serious form of the disease whereby the body cannot manufacture its own insulin and sufferers must control the levels of blood sugar with regular injections.
Type 2 Diabetes is by far the most common form of the disease and the number of people affected continues to grow year after year. Although there is as yet no known cure for diabetes it can be effectively controlled and regulated by following a regime of exercise and diet or, occasionally, with medication.
An Ideal Diabetes Type 2 Diet
Carbohydrates, fat and proteins are a vital part of the diabetes type 2 diet and the trick is to differentiate between the good, the bad and the ugly.
- The Good. Excellent sources of protein include fish and turkey as well as nuts while grains like wild rice, whole-grain bread and quinoa contain fiber, vitamins and minerals. Non-fat Greek yogurt is low in carbohydrates and can be used to replace sour cream for cooking. Most fruit and vegetables are also good guys with asparagus, cauliflower, broccoli and carrots particularly beneficial. Fresh fruit provides essential fiber and antioxidants with berries being the top choice. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats such as those derived from avocados, walnuts and sunflowers all help to lower cholesterol.
- The Bad. Food stuffs made using white flour should be very limited in your diet as should white rice and pasta. Although potatoes, peas and corn are nutritious they should only be eaten in very small portions as they have a high carbohydrate content. Most fruits are a healthy addition to your diabetes type 2 diet but fruit in syrup, dried fruits and fruit juice are full of sugar and have less nutrients than whole fruit. Saturated fats should be kept to an absolute minimum so it is best to avoid, or cut out, cheeses, butter, gravy and any fried food.
- The Ugly. It may be difficult but some foods should just be totally avoided. The usual suspects include processed meats, French fries and hot dogs, most pre-packaged snacks and, of course, chocolate.
Possible Cure for Diabetes Type 2
At present there is no cure for Diabetes Type 2 although significant progress has been made in recent years for Type 1. Using stem cell medical advances, doctors can re-grow insulin producing cells to replace those lost and destroyed.
However, Type 2 diabetes is a more difficult problem as the body still produces insulin but it is the cells that have become resistant to it. The problem for scientists is to find a way to block the body’s resistance to insulin but medicine continues to advance in great leaps and a Type 2 Diabetes miracle cure may not be too far into the future.